WILLIAM YOIST HXEMBOLBT. 381
scientific from political interest; among them was
Madame de StaeL He had also his toother here,
although the king frequently claimed the society of
Alexander. For the last time he enjoyed here the
exciting society of the Count Schlahrendorf, who
could not resolve to quit Paris, although tempting
proposals for returning to Berlin -were made to him.
Oelsner could not resist these which his old friend
Humboldt made him in the name of the government^
and which promised him a position in the ministry
for foreign affairs. He proceeded to Frankfurt before
the end of 1815, to await Ms further fate there.
Here he met Humboldt and his family again., from
whom he received constant proofs of kindness and
attachment, even when his enemies attempted to
calumniate him. When Oelsner had published two
volumes of his great work? in 1817, he received a
pension from government, with the permission to
return to Paris. The time when such people were wil-
lingly appointed to official posts had already passed by.
We must here also mention the distinctions which
Humboldt received during this time from his own
king, and from other monarchs. In 1813, the king
appointed him. a knight of the order of the large red
eagle ; then he received the iron cross of the second.,
and the Russian St. Anne cross of the first class.
Soon afterwards the great cross of the Imperial order
of St. Leopold was conferred upon him. In 1815,
he received the great crosses* of the Danish Danebrog
order, of the order of merit of the Bavarian Crown,
and the Baden home order of fidelity. And ulti-
mately he received the highest honours of the war of
liberation; Hardenherg and Humboldt were the only
ones whom the king deemed worthy of the iron cross
of the first class, with a white ribbon.
He was also one of the eminent men whom the
Prussian state, after the termination of the second
peace of Paris, presented with large estates. Blucher,
Yorke, Billow von Demewitz, Kleist von Nollendorf,
Traiientzien and Gneisenau, Hardenberg and Hum-